Passive fire protection systems are used in conjunction with active fire protection systems. They do not require any type of motion and they compartmentalize the building in order to contain, slow down or prevent fire expansion. Apart from limiting physical damages to the building and its goods, they can also play a vital role in keeping the building’s residents safer. Passive fire protection systems include:
Used to resist ignition and to prevent fire spread, passive protection can play an important role in how a fire hazard is dealt with. Even the best active fire protection systems can suffer when it comes to containing a fire. This is why the following solutions are recommended or even mandatory in a different building. Fire doors are among the most popular passive fire protection systems. They are normally made to resist ignition. But unlike regular doors, fire doors are also designed to be opened easily by residents escaping a fire. Apart from containing smoke and fire, these doors are also often marked with exit signs. According to regulation, these fire doors need to be kept clear at all times with no objects obstructing their pathways.
Firewalls are another basic passive fire protection system. They represent a great solution for those all types of buildings. More specifically, a firewall uses an assembly of elements to separate hazardous elements such as transformers from the rest of the building. At the same time, they can be used the in-between building to prevent the spread of a fire. A building which is divided into smaller sections is easier to deal with when it comes to potential fire hazards. Fire floors are also used to deal with a fire. In the case of a fire, fire floors do not release hydrochloric gas. This can lead to respiratory burns. In many cases, firefighters are actually above a fire, which is the most dangerous place of a building to be in. It accumulates heat and gas which can be fatal. For this purpose, fire floors can be a top passive fire protection system.
Flame shields can be applied to various surfaces such as furniture. The main purpose of flame shields is to offer a fire retardant solution to the building and the objects within it. It is not an active type of fire protection as it is not automatic. But in a passive way, it can slow down the expansion of a fire. Passive fire protection systems can be discussed with professionals at the moment of construction for a new building. They can also be applied later on during a renovation. But these measures can be implemented even as needed to deal with fire hazards in older buildings as well. At the same time, it is important to know that passive fire protection systems are not enough by themselves. While they are a starting point for fire hazards, they are certainly not enough. For this purpose, it is recommended to plan and install them together with active fire protection systems such as extinguishers, detectors, and sprinklers. Together, they can offer total protection. However, even the best buildings come with their own specific needs and all residents need to be trained on how best to deal with a fire hazard. Knowing how to use passive fire protection systems such as getting to a safe place through the fire doors is essential for the ultimate protection.